Cattle Info

Temperature 101.5 degrees
Pulse 40 – 70 beats/minute
Respiration 10 – 30 per minute
Maturity 7 – 12 months
Age first bred 15 – 24 months
length of heat about 1 day
interval of heat 19 – 20 days


Cattle are ruminants.  They need to have access to pasture or hay for proper digestive health.
Gestation: Cattle breed any time in the year.  In order to figure a date for calving, you need to track the cow’s heat cycle.  When you see her being bred, use the chart attached below to figure a due date.
Click HERE to view gestation table.



Calf:   baby
Bull:  male
Heifer:  female before she’s had her first calf
Cow:  adult female
Steer:  castrated male

5 Responses to “Cattle Info”

  1. Sharon Epps, Needville, Texas May 8, 2012 at 12:34 pm #

    I’ve been trying to find out the earliest age you can worm a calf (we have a bottle fed calf) ? And what’s the best wormer to use? I know everyone has their own opinion, but anyway….

    • Teresa May 8, 2012 at 1:00 pm #

      It’s probably best to call and check with a vet. Most of the farmers I know worm twice a year~fall and spring. The bottle labels will probably tell you ages. Personally, I use an Ivermectin pour on for my cattle.

  2. Sharon Epps, Needville, Texas May 8, 2012 at 1:03 pm #

    Thanks I appreciate the suggestion. My vet wants to wait until he’s 4 mos. old. I’m like no way. I have a bottle of Ivermec PLUS injectable that I use orally for my pot bellied pig and orally on gaots too. But Thanks!

  3. fibromom1 March 30, 2013 at 9:03 pm #

    Have visited the Goat Info area (and have posted a couple of times with questions.) I am also very blessed to have (hopefully) a pg cow… I think she’s a heifer since this is her 1st pg. She was (hopefully) bred in Dec while at our neighbor’s farm… he had a bull brought in. He thinks all of his girls are pg.

    “Baby” is part dairy and part beef cow. (I show my ignorance!) We bought her from our neighbor when she was about a year old. We are breeding her for healthy meat. We don’t want to keep a bull.

    My question: how old/large in terms of meat production can a bull be before he starts getting too aggressive and wanting to mate with his momma?

    • Teresa March 30, 2013 at 9:10 pm #

      They will be interested and try to breed at a fairly young age. If you want to raise her calf for meat, I’d castrate it if it is a bull. You can band them when they are first born as long as you make sure to get both testicles. It will make for better meat as well.

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