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Pumpkin Brownies

7 Oct

There’s something about fall and pumpkins that just inspires me to bake.  This weekend I baked and processed two pumpkins.

baked pumpkin

I decided to try pumpkin brownies with some of the pumpkin puree that I didn’t need for my holiday pies.

pumpkin brownies

Of course, it has to look different from brownies, so you know there’s something special with them.  That’s why I made them marbled.

pumpkin brownies

You’d think, making the recipe myself, I’d know what size of pan to use, but it’s a bit tricky.  I tried a 9 x 13 pan on my first attempt, but when I changed the recipe, I switched to an 8 x 8 (even though I wrote 9 x 9).  Well, I’d stick with the 9 x 13 because it turned out quite thick.

pumpkin brownies

It’s yummy, but it was quite thick.

pumpkin brownies

I think I might have to try another batch just to make sure they are still delicious when they are thin.

I’m sharing with Clever Chick’s Blog Hop, Monday Mellow Yellows, and Homestead Barn Hop.

I’m so happy to announce the winner of the giveaway is Kelly from Just a Click Away.  If you’re still interested in winning a copy, there’s still time to enter the giveaway at Goodreads (funky widget on the sidebar).

Drug Resistant Parasites in Goats (Part I)

9 Sep

Anyone who has had goats know that they seem to be more susceptible to parasites than any other animal on the plant.  Add to that worms that are becoming increasingly resistant to chemical wormers, and that’s the stuff that keeps me awake at night.  Sadly, that’s true.

I shared in July that I lost a couple of kids (three total), and I sent Potsie to Iowa State for an autopsy.  When the results came back that he had “lots” of roundworm (Haemonchus) and coccidia, I was devastated.  I rushed home and gave Art, who was still not doing well but improving, a different class of wormer from what I had used on all the kids just a couple of weeks earlier.  Luckily, he is doing quite well now.

Art Osboer

Art Osboer

There are three main wormers that are used on goats for roundworms.  Your “white” wormers (like Pancour, Valbazen or Safeguard), Ivermectins, and Cydectin.  I am at a point on my farm that the only one of these chemical wormers that will do anything is Cydectin.  It’s the last line of defense (Cue scary music).

Two years ago, I told you about Pam and Stormy and their struggle with worms when the Ivermectin chemical wormer had failed them.

Stormy Sue Street

Stormy Sue Street

My first time of dealing with failure from a chemical wormer was clear back in fall, 2007, when I almost lost Millie and Bam Bam.  This was the first time I had ever wormed my herd.

Bam Bam

Bam Bam quite recovered

There’s a couple of goats that I can look back on now, and it makes me wonder if drug resistant parasites played a part in their deaths as well.  It’s hard to know what to do to keep the goats healthy because there is so much contradictory information on worming that you get from different sources.

Mabel and Flower

Mabel and Flower

Talking to different vets in the same clinic will get you different information.  Don’t even start me on all the misinformation you find on the Internet.  (I religiously avoid goat chat groups on Facebook.)

Then you deal with the ISU vets that are great in a crisis because they can give a blood transfusion and save a life.  They will however, accuse you of neglect, lie to you, do fecals you don’t give permission for because they just lied to you, be condescending, arrogant and judgmental.  They also tell you any fecal is inaccurate except theirs (including my local vet’s fecals), and I’m obviously not smart enough to tell if a goat is anemic by looking at their eyes because I don’t have a Famacha chart in my hand.  However, I’m very grateful for the lives they’ve saved.

Moose Osboer

Moose Osboer

Famacha Eye Chart

I’ll give you my thoughts on the Famacha chart here.  This chart was developed in South Africa to use the color of the goat’s eye membranes to predict worm level.  They found it effective, and the drug companies thought we should use it here in the United States to determine when to worm based on eye color.  Some people thought it should be tested in the United States to see if it was effective in the different climate.  There was one study done in the south and Barbados.  I have not been able to see the actual study, only the report that it was effective.  Now, I might be crazy, but my climate in Iowa is no more like the climate in Florida than it is to South Africa.  I wonder how it works in a temperate climate.  I also don’t know how the goats were fed–dry lot or pasture.  I really think that might have an impact as well.  I’m not sold on this as being as effective as they claim, but I’ve had vets recommend it and read enough to try it.

normal and anemic

normal and anemic

I tried to use eye color, but my experiences haven’t been very good with it.  I actually do check quite frequently, even if it isn’t every day.  Trust me, when you start to check every day, after about day three, Dolly will not let you anywhere close to her.  I can also use Dolly as an example of how it isn’t accurate (if you believe I can tell the difference without the chart in front of me, which the ISU vet doesn’t).  Dolly was pretty much completely white (and I hardly ever say that).  I got a fecal sample, and she had 35 eggs on the slide.  I wormed her with Valbazen.  I couldn’t get another sample ten days later, but two weeks later, she had 15 eggs and was still completely white.  A couple weeks later, I was happy to see she had a bit of pink in her eye membranes and figured the extra handfuls of  corn and herbal wormer was helping.  A couple days later, I got another sample and even though her eyes were still pinker, there were so many eggs I couldn’t count.  I weaned her boys and waited for my consultation with the vet (end of story later).

Dolly Ann Street "I don't want to smile for the camera."

Dolly Ann Street “I don’t want to smile for the camera.”

Millie has also twice been completely wrong.  When her girl, Bambi, was a baby, Millie was completely anemic.  The vets did a fecal that was clean.  There was no real reason for it other than CAE goats tend to be anemic, and she gives everything to her kids and gets run down.  When Miranda was little, two years later, she was pink, but had a respiratory infection (from the CAE).  The vet examined her and saw no reason to suggest worming.  The next day, she ended up with diarrhea and I took a sample to the vet’s office which showed she was full of worms.  That’s too many times being wrong to trust.  Don’t even start me on how unhelpful it is with the kids.

Millie Ann Saanen

Millie Ann Saanen

Causes of Drug Resistant Worms

How did I get to this point?  What causes the resistance to wormers?  Overuse.  It’s that simple.  Sadly, people worm goats at the drop of a hat.  Every time they worm needlessly, it exposes the worms and gives them another opportunity to become resistant.  Sadly, I swear a vet will tell you to worm every single time anything is wrong.  When Millie was anemic but had no worms, I was still told to worm her.  Honestly.  I also had a vet tell my brother-in-law to worm a goat with a swollen jaw.  Now, I know bottle jaw comes from worms, but when the goat has an open abscess, you need antibiotics, not a wormer.  There’s also that cycle of a goat that has bad worms and you end up worming every couple of weeks and then switch drugs.  The vets will tell you to do this too.

Annie Belle O'Boera

Annie Belle O’Boera

My vet shared that we didn’t have much of a problem with drug resistant worms in my area until just recently.  That’s when there was a change from primarily dairy goats to meat goats.  People brought Boer goats up from the south knowing they already had problems with drug resistance.  They mistakenly thought that our cold winters would be enough to control the situation.  Our cold winters do keep the numbers down, but it does nothing to help with drug resistance.  It simply brought that problem to Iowa.


Bambi Blackboer

So, another way you can end up having problems with drug resistant worms is buying an animal (or three adorable little does) that brings them to your property.  You’ve probably heard to isolate and worm before you integrate them with the herd, and I did that when I bought my little Boer does.  I did not do the fecal tests to confirm that the wormer had killed the parasites, and the rest is history.  This is not a problem I caused, but it will be my problem for as long as I have goats.

Tuesday, Part II:  The Bad Advice

Thursday, Part III:  My Best Advice

Sharing with Clever Chick’s Blog Hop, Farmgirl Friday and, Homestead Barn Hop

Plum Bread

8 Sep

With the plethora of plums I’ve had this year, I’ve been creative.  I decided to make plum bread.

plum bread

Mix together:

1 cup plum sauce (HERE)
2 eggs
1/2 cup honey
3/4 cup sugar
1 tsp. vanilla
1/4 cup buttermilk
1/4 cup oil
1 tsp. baking soda
1/2 tsp. baking powder
3 cups flour
1 tsp. cinnamon
1/2 tsp. salt
1/2 tsp. ginger
1/2 cup walnuts (optional)

plum bread

Pour into two 8 inch bread pans with no-stick spray.  I actually used one big and two small loaf pans.  Sprinkle the tops with cinnamon and sugar (1/2 cup sugar and 1/2 tsp. cinnamon gave me more than enough).  Bake at 350*F for 30 – 40 minutes (depending on loaf size).

Sharing with Homestead Barn Hop.